10 poorest country in the world in 2020 and their history.
Table of Contents
The poorest country in the world is Burundi with a GDP (PPP) per capita of $310. We have listed out the top 10 poorest country in the world on the basis of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) which is calculated from Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) because PPP calculation gives more detailed review of a country’s living standard as well as the inflation rate within a country. The national wealth of a country is generally measured with nominal GDP and savings but it excludes the living standard of a country which is why GDP(PPP) are usually calculated to determine the country’s standard of living. This calculations are done by many organisations such as World Bank, International Monetary Fund etc.
Here are top 10 poorest countries in the world,
Burundi is the poorest countries in the world with a GDP (PPP) per Capita of $310 and total of $8.380 billion.
It is a landlocked country in central Africa with a total population of 11,865,821 and area covering 27,834 km sq. It is officially recognized as the Republic of Burundi and before Burundi was declared as an independent country, Burundi was colonized by Germany in the beginning of the 20th Century. Here the Twa, Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups have resided for at least 500 years.
After Germany was defeated in the First World War, Burundi was acquired as the territory of Belgium.
Burundi was declared as an independent country on July 1962 and on 1966 Burundi was officially named as the Republic of Burundi as a one party state. Due to which Coups, assassinations and regional instability established which led to two Civil Wars and Genocide occurred on 1970 and 1990 which left the economy of the country as one of the poorest country in the world and also as underdeveloped country.
Burundi is recorded as one of the least developed country, ranked at 185 out of 189 countries by Human Development Index and almost 65% of its population lives under poverty line. Burundi’s land is roughly used for agriculture and grazing which led to deforestation, Soil erosion and habitat loss. Majority of its people are Christian for about 67% and 32% having indigenous beliefs and only 1% people are Muslim.
2. Central African Republic
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $823]
Central African Republic is the second poorest country in the world just after Burundi with a GDP (PPP) per capita of $823 and total of $4.262 billion.
It is a landlocked country in Central Africa with an area of about 622,984 km sq. and a population of 4,666,386 as recorded on 2018.
During late 19th century, the Central African Republic was ruled by France as a colony. Later in 1960, the Central African Republic gained independence from France but was ruled by series of power hungry leaders and on 1993 the country observed its first multi-party democratic elections.
After defeating the countries former president Ange Felix Patasse (1993-2003) in 2003 coup, General Francois Bozize became the president of the country due to which on 2004 a civil war broke out within the country but later was settled down to a peace treaty in 2007 and another on 2011. Despite the peace treaty, the civil war continued in 2012 which led to the country’s poor human rights record.
The country is rich in minerals and other resources such as diamonds, crude oil, gold etc. But despite its resources, the Central African Republic is among the poorest country in the world and according to Human Development Index conducted in 2019, the country was registered as the second lowest human development, ranking 188th out of 189.
Majority of its people are Christian for about 89.5 %, 8.5% are Muslim, 1% have traditional faiths and 2% belongs to other category.
3. Congo, Democratic Republic
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $843]
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DROC) is the third poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita of $843 and total of $77.486 billion.
It is the second largest country in Africa and 11th largest country in the world with an area of about 2,345,409 km sq. and a population of about 101,780,263.
In 1885 the Congo territory was acquired by King Leopold II of Belgium at the Berlin Conference and later he named the country as Congo Free State. During his reigns, he forced the local people to produce rubber due to which millions of Congolese people died because of exploitation and diseases.
In 1908, Belgium acquired the so called Free State from King Henry II despite his resistance and later Congo came to be known as Belgian Congo. Belgium colonized Congo for about five decades and on June 30, Congo was declared as an independent country and Joseph Kasa Vubu became its first president. Later on 17 May 1997, Laurent Desire Kabila, leader of Tutsi group who began the first Congo War, became the president of the Republic of Congo and renamed the country’s name as Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Second Congo War began during 1998 to 2003 which led to the dead of about 5.4 million people and because of which the country became one of the poorest country in the world and Human Development Index ranked the country at 179 out of 189 in the 2018 report.
The country is rich in natural resources but due to corruptions and lack of development of the country, left the economy of the country poor.
94.9% of the people are Christian, 2.5% have traditional faiths, 0.5% has no religion, and 2.1% belongs to other categories.
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $1,213]
Officially the Republic of Niger is the fourth poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita of $1,213 and total of $23.475 billion.
It is a landlocked country in West Africa with an area of about 1,267,000 km sq. and a population of about 22,442,831 (2018 estimate).
Niger was ruled by a series of leaders and in 19th century france obtained Niger in the Berlin Conference and ruled there until August, 1960 when the country was declared as an independent country under the leadership of Hamani Diori. It can be said that after the independent of the country, Niger has seen five constitutions and three periods of military rule until 2010 when Niger was declared a democratic country with multi-party state.
According to Human Development Index, Niger was ranked 189th out of 189th countries, as the least developed country in the 2018 and 2019 reports and about 45.7% of the country’s population live below poverty line.
The country is among the world’s highest Uranium deposits.
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $1,234]
The republic of Malawi formerly known as Nyasaland is the fifth poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita of about $1,234 and total of $25.037 billion.
It is a landlocked country in the south eastern part of Africa with a area of 118,484 km sq and a population of about 19,129,952 (2020 estimate).
It is named after the Lake Malawi and the country is famous for its friendly nature which is why the country is nicknamed “The warm heart of Africa”.
In 1859, an explorer and a missionary David Livingston founded the Shire Highlands south of Malawi as a suitable place for the Europeans. Because of his visit, many Anglican and Presbyterian missions were established at the place during 1860s and 1870s.
Later in 1889, the British government acquired the Shire Highlands and subsequently acquired the entire area of Malawi under the British Central Africa Protectorate. Malawi was declared as an independent country in 1964 under Queen Elizabeth II and just after two of years of independent Malawi became the Republic of Malawi. Bantu people have been residing in the country; they migrated from the north in the early 10th century to Malawi before it was acquired by the British.
Human development Index ranked Malawi as one of the least developed country ranking at 172 out 189 countries in the 2019 report and also 74% of its population live below poverty line.
77.3% of its people are Christian, 13.8% are Muslim, 1.2% are traditional believer and rest belongs to other category.
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $1,292]
The Republic of Mozambique is the sixth poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita of about $1,292 and total of $39.183 billion.
It is located in the southern part of Africa and its capital is Maputo which is the largest city of Mozambique. The area of Mozambique is about 801,590 with a population of about 30,066,648 (2020 estimate).
Mozambique was under the Portuguese ruler from 1505 and they ruled Mozambique for more than 4 centuries until Mozambique was declared independent country in 1975. Shortly after its independence, Mozambique was under civil war during 1977 to 1992. After the civil war was over, in 1994 the country observed its first multi-party elections and since then remained as a stable country.
Mozambique has rich natural resources and its economy mostly depends on agriculture and the GDP of the country has been growing since 2001 but the country is still considered as one of the poorest and underdeveloped as its per capita GDP is low.
The Human Development Index ranked Mozambique 180 out of 189 for the least developed country in 2018 report and 70% of its population live under poverty line.
56.1% of its people are Christian, 18% people are Muslim, 17.9% are unaffiliated, 7.4% have traditional believe and 0.6% belongs to other category.
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $1,413]
The Republic of Liberia is the seventh poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita of about $1,413 and a total of 6.468 billion.
It is located on the west African Coast with a area of 111,369 km sq and a total population of 5,073,296 (2015 estimates).
The people of Liberia was enslaved by the United States and so to free the people from the slaveholder, the American colonization Society was formed and they believed that black people would have a better chance for freedom in Africa than in the U.S. So the American Colonization society began sending emigrants to Liberia on 1822 and again in 1867 they released more than 1300 people to the country and the people began settling in the country. The African American began marrying within the community and they were identified as Americo-Liberians.
The people declared Liberia as an independent country on June 26, 1847 but the U.S was unaware of it until 5th February 1862 during the American Civil War.
The Human Development Index ranked Liberia 181 out of 189, as the least developed country in the world and about 83% of the people living below poverty line where 94% of the workers earn less than $2 per day.
83.1% of the people are Christian, 14.7% are Muslim and 2.1% belongs to other category.
8. South Sudan
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $1,420]
The Republic of South Sudan is the 8th poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita is about $1,420 and total of $18.435 billion.
It is a landlocked country in East Central Asia with a total area of 619,745 km sq. and a population of about 12,778,250 (2019 estimates).
South Sudan was declared as an independent country on 9 July, 2011 separating from Sudan. But soon after the independence, the south Sudanese civil war broke out where more than 400,000 people were killed in the war. Later on 20 February 2020 a peace treaty was signed between President Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar of South Sudan.
The Human Development Index ranked South Sudan 187th out of 189, as the least developed country in the world and 82% of its population live below poverty line.
60.5% 0f its people are Christian, 32.9% have traditional faiths, 6.2% belongs to Islam and 0.4 % belongs to other categories.
9. Sierra Leone
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $1,608]
The Republic of Sierra Leone is one of the top ten poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita of $1,608 and total of 12.177 billion.
The country is situated on the southwest coast of West Africa with a total area of 71,740 km sq. and a population of 7,092,113 (2015 estimates).
Sierra Leone was composed of different ethnic groups from Africa who were brought to the country by the British in 1800. On 27 April, 1961, Sierra Leone was declared independent from Britain under Queen Elizabeth II, and Milton Margai, a former chief minister of the country, became the first Prime Minister of Sierra Leone. After the sudden demise of Margai, his brother Albert Margai took up as the Prime Minister in 1964 and later it was acquired by Siaka Stevens in 1967. Stevens wanted to rule Sierra Leone and so in 1971, he replaced the country’s parliamentary system to the Presidential republic and thus became the president in 1978 until 1985.
Shortly after his retirement, he hand-picked his successor Saidu Momoh as the president but it didn’t lasted long, the country was under civil war from 1992 to 1996. Before the civil war, Momoh adopted the multiparty democratic constitution in 1991 but later was overthrown by the military and the country was in military rule.
Another war broke out in 1997 after the military handed presidency to Ahmad Tejan Kabbah. The civil war brought to an end in 2002 with the help of Ecowas, British government, the African Union and the United States.
The Human Development Index ranked Sierra Leone 181 out of 189, as the least developed country in the world (2018 estimates) and about 60% of its population are living below poverty line.
Majority of the population are Muslim, about 78%, 21% are Christian and rest 1% belongs to other category.
[GDP (PPP): per Capita – $1,697]
The Republic of Madagascar is listed no. 10 as the poorest country in the world with a GDP (PPP) per capita of $1,697 and total of $45.948 billion.
It an island country situated in the Indian Ocean and it is the second largest island country in the world with a total area of about 5,87,041 km sq. and a population of 26,263,313 (2018 estimates).
Madagascar was inhabited by the Indianized Austronesia around 350BC and 550 AD from the outrigger canoes of Indonesia. Later Madagascar was acquired by the French colonial empire and in 1960 Madagascar was declared as an independent country.
French and Malagasy are the two official languages of Madagascar.
The Human Development Index on 2018 report ranked Madagascar 162 out of 189, as the least developed country in the world and about 75% of its people live below poverty line.
Majority of the people are Christian about 85.3%, 6.9% are unaffiliated, 4.5% have traditional faiths, and about 3% are Muslim.
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These were some of the poorest countries in the world with their annual GDP(PPP). If you like it share with friends and family to let them know and increase their knowledge.